Worksheet Templates. Sunday , January 28th , 2018 - 21:25:31 PM
On the revenue side, Daves past experience with the City of Metropolis and similar projects indicate payment will come in 3 large chunks, then a revenue share of the bridge tolls for 10 years. The 3 large payments are what ESP is bidding on, and they need to cover the costs of each phase. Dave also adds a variable profit margin above costs. Using this profit margin as a variable, his goal is to estimate the lowest margin ESP can charge above its costs to ensure NPV exceeds the companys standard project bidding hurdle rate of 12%.
In the last step of his cash flow worksheet, Dave sums the expenses and revenues for each year and all 5 scenarios. He charts these out in graphs with a horizontal line for minimum acceptable return. ESP has access to public project funding at a 6% interest rate, to which he adds 3% for additional risk factors, for a 9% discount rate. Finally, he discounts the net returns per year under all scenarios at 9%, and calculates an NPV for each revenue path. This gives him 5 project values at 5 different revenue assumptions based on his variable markup. At least 3 of these NPVs must exceed the companys 12% hurdle rate in his cash flow worksheet for the bid to viable.
Thus, a problematic situation was created. The average ELA class is designed to analyze written works, not screened productions. At this point, the teacher is starting at a significant disadvantage because they are competing for the attention of a student against devices and stories designed to do just that by the very best minds in our society. This affects students motivation to pay attention in class. Who wants to learn about the literature of the past using the technology of the past? This is due to the fact that both the method of delivery and the material are of no significant relevance to the daily life of todays student.
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